On July 3, 1835, in Paterson, New Jersey, children went on strike seeking a more equitable eleven-hour workday instead of the thirteen and one-half hours that they were currently working. They were also seeking a six-day work week.
Paterson was the site of historic labor unrest that focused on anti-child labor legislation, and the six-month-long Paterson silk strike of 1913 that demanded the eight-hour day and better working conditions. It was defeated by the employers, with workers forced to return under pre-strike conditions. Factory workers labored long hours for low wages under dangerous conditions and lived in crowded tenement buildings around the mills. The factories then moved to the South, where there were no labor unions, and still later moved overseas.